PTA opposes the use of a national, mandated, standardized test as the sole criterion for measuring a schoolâ€™sÂ or studentâ€™s progress. An assessment system should evaluate higher-order skills, including studentsâ€™ abilitiesÂ to use technology, conduct research, engage in scientific investigation, and solve problems. An accountabilityÂ system should include other indicators of educational quality, such as competency of teaching staff, classÂ size, parent involvement, facility condition, and quality of instructional materials.
PTA also believes that states and schools must have the resourcesâ€”including adequate financial and technicalÂ supportâ€”to address specific problems and ensure that schools can meet high standards. StudentÂ assessment should identify how instruction and learning can be improved.
- States and school districts should have equitable resources, including equitable funding and technicalÂ support, if they are to be held accountable for meeting specific standards of performance.
- Assessments should be used to help parents and teachers determine the specific academic needs ofÂ students and increase opportunities for students. They should not be used for high-stakes determinations,Â such as grade promotion or graduation.
This resolution is modeled on the resolution passed by more than 360 Texas school boards as of April 23, 2012. It was written by Advancement Project; Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund; FairTest; Forum for Education and Democracy; MecklenburgACTS; Deborah Meier; NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc.; National Education Association; New York Performance Standards Consortium; Tracy Novick; Parents Across America; Parents United for Responsible Education-Chicago; Diane Ravitch; Race to Nowhere; Time Out From Testing; and United Church of Christ Justice and Witness Ministries. We encourage organizations and individuals to publicly endorse it (see below). Organizations should modify it as needed for their local circumstances while also endorsing this national version.
WHEREAS, our nation’s future well-being relies on a high-quality public education system that prepares all students for college, careers, citizenship and lifelong learning, and strengthens the nationâ€™s social and economic well-being (1); and
RESOLVED that The Mount Washington PTA calls on the governor, state legislature and state board of education Â and administrators to reexamine public school accountability systems in Caiifornia, and to develop a system based on multiple forms of assessment which does not require extensive standardized testing, more accurately reflects the broad range of student learning, and is used to support students and improve schools; and
AND BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Mount Washington PTA forward this resolution to the Highlands Council of PTAâ€™s for their consideration and endorsement and requests that it be considered also by Los Angeles Tenth District PTA and referred to the California State PTA as a resolution at the 2013 State Convention and/or incorporated into the California State PTA Legislative Agenda as a plank or policy.
AND BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Mount Washington PTA refer this resolution to the Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles for their consideration and endorsement.
â–º To endorse this resolution, go to http://timeoutfromtesting.org/nationalresolution.
SOURCES FOR RESOLUTION ON HIGH-STAKES TESTING(1) Darling-Hammond, L. 2010. The Flat World and Education: How Americaâ€™s Commitment to Equity Will Determine Our Future (New York: Teachers College Press); Zhao, Y. 2011. “Entrepreneurship and Creativity: Where Do They Come From and How Not to Destroy Them,” http://zhaolearning.com/2011/02/26/entrepreneurship-and-creativity-where-do-they-come-from-and-how-not-to-destroy-them. (2) Bloom, N. 2012. â€œWe Need Problem Solvers, Not Test Takers,â€ http://colabradio.mit.edu/we-need-problem-solvers-not-test-takers/; Ravitch, D. 2010. The Death and Life of the Great American School System: How Testing and Choice Are Undermining Education (New York: Basic Books), 107-111. (3) Cody, A. 2011. “Complex Thinking Is Not Tested and Won’t be Taught,” http://blogs.edweek.org/teachers/living-in-dialogue/2011/07/complex_thinking_is_not_tested.html; Guisbond, L., Neill, M. and Schaeffer, R. 2012. NCLBâ€™s Lost Decade for Educational Progress: What Can We Learn from this Policy Failure? (Boston: FairTest), http://www.fairtest.org/NCLB-lost-decade-report-home; Hinde, E.R. 2008. “Civic Education in the NCLB Era: The Contested Mission of Elementary and Middle Schools,” Journal of Curriculum and Instruction, Volume 2, Number 1, 77-78; Hout, M. and Elliott, S.W. Editors. 2011. Incentives and Test-Based Accountability in Education (Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press), 30, http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=12521. (4) Baker, E. et al. 2009. “Problems with the Use of Student Test Scores to Evaluate Teachers,” Economic Policy Institute Briefing Paper, http://epi.3cdn.net/b9667271ee6c154195_t9m6iij8k.pdf; Bauer, F. 2012. â€œA Conservative Critique of High-Stakes Standardized Testing,â€ http://www.huffingtonpost.com/fred-bauer/a-conservative-critique-o_b_1214995.html; Board on Testing and Assessment, National Research Council. 2009. “Letter Report to the U.S. Department of Education on the Race to the Top Fund,” 8, http://www.nap.edu/catalog/12780.html; Corcoran, S.P. 2010. “Can Teachers Be Evaluated by Their Students’ Test Scores? Should They Be?” Annenberg Institute for School Reform, http://www.annenberginstitute.org/pdf/valueAddedReport.pdf; Koretz, D. 2008. Measuring Up: What Educational Testing Really Tells Us (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press), esp. 43-45; 11-42; 260-66. (5) Koretz, Measuring Up, 235-59; Nichols, S., and Berliner, D. 2007. Collateral Damage: How High-Stakes Testing Corrupts America’s Schools (Cambridge, Mass: Harvard Education Press); Pink, D. “The Surprising Science of Motivation,” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rrkrvAUbU9Y; Parents Across America, “Tying Teacher Salaries to Test Scores Doesn’t Work,” http://parentsacrossamerica.org/performancepay/; Ravitch, The Death and Life of the Great American School System, 107-111; Zhao, Y. 2011. “Entrepreneurship and Creativity.” (6) Guisbond et al., NCLBâ€™s Lost Decade, 2-4; Kohn, A. 2011. “How School Reform Damages Poor Children,” http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/answer-sheet/post/how-school-reform-damages-poor-children–kohn/2011/04/26/AFTTCbtE_blog.html; Reardon, S. 2011. â€œThe Widening Academic Achievement Gap between the Rich and the Poor: New Evidence and Possible Explanations.â€ In Richard Murnane & Greg Duncan. Editors. Whither Opportunity? Rising Inequality and the Uncertain Life Chances of Low-Income Children (New York: Russell Sage Foundation). (7) Neill, M. 2010. “A Better Way to Evaluate Students and Schools,” http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/answer-sheet/post/a-better-way-to-evaluate-students-and-schools-/2010/12/20/ABzjWuF_blog.html. Zhao, Y. 2011. “Entrepreneurship and Creativity.”